The data collection phase of the research needed to interview and Focus groups. In-depth interviews there are certain rules that one can follow. These are:
1. Since this is an unstructured interview, so no prepared questions required. First of all, this does not mean that research does not have to prepare for the interview; it simply means that there is no organized control. A structured interview is the one who gives respondents a choice to mark the response. The semi-structured interview, research has opened ended questions to ask. However, unstructured interview neither open ended or closed has been closed questions. This is because one never knows what form the interview is going to take. Neither research nor the defendant knows what the result of interaction between them is going to create.
2. But instead of preparing interview questions, the researcher can identify themes for interview. Theme fact is the focus; it is a factor in the issue of consideration that the researcher wants to focus on. Thus interview kidney patient about his disease, if the research would focus on pain management issues, it will be a major focus of his. Moreover, even in the interview, you can narrow down this general focus on issues such as (borrowing Glaser is grounded theory examples here) resting, medication and pacing. So, the general focus or theme can be further reduced in the interview.
3. Then, in phenomenology one is more interested in the experience of the respondent, because it is not enough to know how the respondent judges something; The important thing is to know about the experience / or experience that led him to this judgment.
4. Since phenomenology, the focus is not on the world, but it is the content or the person who experiences the world, because it is important to know how the respondent experienced world or any particular issue or situation. So, for example if the research wanting to know how respondent has experienced a visit to a specific park, he should focus on the way this park was the experience of the respondent, but not specific information about the park. So, research is not particularly interested to know how many entrances, swings and canteen were in the garden, but knowing how the respondent experienced these things. And in doing so, he has to take his respondent to a stage where it starts reflecting on his previous experience and research tell about his feelings, expectations, fears, thoughts, stimuli selection etc. In short, he’s telling how he was aware of these things
So these are some guidelines to conduct the interview in phenomenological research
By: .. Khalid Jamil Rawat